The principle of representation is one riding one vote. The dual electoral system is used for the National Congress. That means the top two candidates for the nomination from that riding are elected to the National Congress. In regular session each member has one vote that’s two votes for each riding. For legislative sessions each riding has five votes split between the two members in proportion to their nomination vote. Its approval is required for all resolutions and bylaws. The Congress votes concurrently with the National Assembly.
Why a second assembly to pass bylaws and policy resolutions?
- Like the House and Senate in the US congress the National congress is a check and balance to the National assembly.
- Each riding is represented equally where as the membership can vary greatly between ridings.
- Each province is represented by their population where their percentage of the membership can be greatly higher or lower then their percentage of Canada’s population.
- It makes the party’s candidates for the House of Commons important in the party. Each will be one of 676 members of the National congress. Even if they lose the election they are members of a deliberative body in the Federalist party whose approval is REQUIRED for all National bylaws and policy resolutions.
4.0 The members of the National Congress are the top two candidates for the Party nomination for the House of Commons in each riding in the last nomination election. If no nomination election was held in a riding then the Congressional members from that riding in order of precedence are the candidate, riding president, vice-president, and registered members in order of seniority.
4.1 In regular session of the Congress each member shall have one vote. In legislative session members shall have a number of votes determined as follows. If the candidate won the nomination by a majority vote the split is 3 votes for the candidate and 2 votes for the runner up. If the nomination was won by a two-thirds majority vote the split is 4 votes to 1 vote. If there was no nomination election and there are two members then each shall have two votes. If there is just one member then that member shall have but 3 votes. The votes in both sessions are open votes unless stated otherwise.
4.2 Elections of the Congress shall be regulated as provided in the Federal Election bylaw.
4.3 The Congress shall organize itself through Standing Orders passed by an absolute two-thirds majority in regular session.
4.4 The National Congress shall hold regular votes for both sessions concurrently with the votes of the National Assembly. The Leader of the Party with 7 days notice can call special votes of the Congress with a 48-hour voting period.
4.5 National bylaws of the Party require the approval of the Congress in regular session unless passed by a two-thirds majority by the Assembly. National resolutions require the approval of the Congress in legislative session. Bylaws, motions and resolutions require a majority to pass the Congress. Quorum of the Congress is a majority of the members.
4.6 The Congress in regular session can suspend the membership of any member by an absolute two-thirds majority vote and by an absolute three-quarters majority vote expel any member.
4.7 The Congress in regular session by an absolute three-quarters majority vote can bar a party member from being a candidate for the Federalist nomination for the House of Commons. The Congress by an absolute two-thirds majority vote can rescind the Candidacy of a member after they have won the nomination election. This is to be done within 90 days of the nomination.
4.8 Until the Congress has 169 members its approval is not required for any resolution or bylaw.